Natural Heritage includes all components of our surroundings which have not been created by man and which are of cultural, aesthetic, spiritual, biotic or ecological value and which could also be of directly usable resource value. It is important to understand the implication of die term “Natural Heritage”. It should have one or all of the following attributes:

  • Ecological and Biological Significance implying inter alia:
    – Important areas of biodiversity consisting of diverse species of both fauna and flora
    – Natural vegetation
    – Important breeding and nesting sites
    – Habitats of gravely endangered species of both fauna and flora including fish fauna
    – Habitats of species of fauna and flora which are endemic and restricted in their range to a particular area
    – Important migration routes and corridors between habitats of gravely endangered species
    – Fossils
    – Unique geological and rock formations of geomorphologic significance, rock shelters
    – Headwaters of important watersheds
    – Shola forests
    – Important natural grasslands
    – Wetlands, marshes, seasonal wetlands used by migratory avifauna or by local farmers, natural lakes, lagoons, creeks, streams, water channels, etc.
    – Uncultivated riverine islands, natural riverine stretches
    – Unique desert patches
    – Unique coastal landforms
    – Stretches having mangrove vegetation
    – Offshore coral reefs
  • Areas having natural vegetation of cultural significance, such as sacred groves, water bodies, hill tops, etc. and similar areas associated with cultural and religious beliefs and practices.
  • Natural landscapes of aesthetic and recreational value.